Over A Third Of America’s Roads Are In Need Of Repair How Photogrammetry Technology Is Helping
Civil engineering is the art of customizing the world around us to better suit our needs. It can be as elaborate as building a new dam to accommodate thousands of tons of water or as simple as filling up a pothole in the middle of the road. Achieving this requires a combination of photography, ongoing analysis and hard labor. Ideas large and small are brought to fruition every single day to keep up with growing demand and the biggest civil engineering companies in the world only continue to have their work cut out for them. What can civil engineering structural design do to make our world safer?
Let’s take a look.
Just like our imagination knows no bounds, civil engineering is about as vast and complex as the societies it upholds. It applies to keeping roads safe and easy to drive. It helps keep dams from falling apart. It maintains the structural integrity of countless buildings, parks and public facilities. Groups such as the Environmental Protection Agency and the Bureau Of Labor Statistics regularly provide data to assist with the mundane, yet monumental, efforts of the average civil engineering company.
America’s roads are worn down and in constant need of repair. It’s estimated as much as one-third of America’s major roads are in mediocre condition and, as of now, more than half of the country’s interstate miles are at 70% traffic capacity. Although roads are built to last (with many forms of gravel being recyclable), the constant wear-and-tear of millions of vehicles can only result in cracks, holes and shaken foundations. More than just a frustrating nuisance on the way to work, a third of all highway fatalities are related to poor road conditions. It’s thanks to your civil engineering company these are stitched together time and time again.
America’s highways and freeways have a fascinating history. Eisenhower was inspired by the network of high-speed roads he witnessed in Germany all the way back during World War II, using that inspiration to help create the first American interstate system. The Federal Aid Highway Act Of 1956 was a law that eventually funded the first 41,000 miles that would create this essential part of the American landscape. Maintaining the health of streets and highways isn’t the only traveling concern of the average civil engineering company.
Bridges are even more precarious because of the high amount of damage that would be caused if one fell. More than 25% of America’s bridges are in dire need of significant repairs. Many are even handling more traffic than they can deal with, making fast attention and transportation planning more imperative than ever. Temporary bridges can be built in order to help people travel where they need to go while still attending to the needs of constructions that have lasted for decades.
Dams have their own unique issues to attend to. Over 4,000 dams in America were recently deemed unsafe by the American Civil Society Of Engineers. More than a third of all dam failures or borderline failures since the late 1800′s were in the last decade alone. Data has recently suggested that, by the time 2020 rolls around, half of all assets in wastewater facilities may have reached the midpoint of their life expectancy. As of now, aging sewer systems spill an estimated one trillion gallons of untreated sewage yearly.
Photogrammetry is a fantastic resource that helps all of these projects see completion. In the majority of applications this process will require two dimensional images to be translated into three dimensional models. This is a useful blend of basic photography with a more modern bent, allowing analysis to take on a whole new form and allow geotechnical engineering firms to get a better scope of each project. Finite element analysis consulting and ground penetrating radar pavement are also used to reduce the margin for error.
Every little effort counts. We have a lot to thank our local civil engineering company for.