Using the Right Carriers for Cargo Today
Manufacturing in the United States today is an enormous industry, and everything from automobiles to computers to wooden furniture are produced in vast quantities in American factories. But it is not enough to merely build tables and laptops; these items have to be delivered to warehouses, retailers, and more, and this means using truckload logistics, global aerospace logistics, and more to determine which carrier company to hire and how best to transport freight across the United States or abroad. Specialty freight may need special accommodations in trucks or global aerospace logistics, and some expedited international shipping services may charge extra for tricky global aerospace logistics, such as delivering liquid nitrogen or explosive materials. Still, this is not an insurmountable challenge, and many carriers are ready and willing to charge a fair price for delivery, and some crews will have special qualifications for handling hazardous materials, even for global aerospace logistics, such as delivering dry ice or flammable materials on trans-Atlantic flights to European markets. How might this be done? How big is the carrier industry?
On the Carrier Industry
American companies from coast to coast may specialize in delivery, and larger airlines will handle global aerospace logistics with expert precision for delivering freight as far as Brazil, India, or Japan or beyond, not to mention the enormous market for domestic freight delivery by truck, train, and plane. In fact, spending on American logistics and transportation totaled to $1.48 trillion in spending in 2015, and this represents an impressive 8% of the entire American GDP, the Gross Domestic Product. This often includes e-commerce, or buying items online, which always means freight delivery must be done. This is growing fast; American e-commerce revenue is currently at $423.3 billion, and is still growing. Many carriers and retailers today are being forced to adjust their operations to help accommodate this growth, but it can e lucrative if handled correctly. More and more freight is being delivered by ton; the U.S. Department of Transportation has estimated that the value of freight is expected to grow from $882 per ton in 2017 all the way to $1,377 by the year 2040.
A lot of vehicles are needed to make all this delivery possible, and more cargo is being delivered by truck all the time. As of 2013, for a recent example, some 15 billion tons of cargo were transported across the United States by truck, and the Bureau of Labor Statistics estimates that by the year 2040, that figure may hit an impressive 18.79 billion tons, and this means that truck carrier companies will have plenty of business on their hands. Across the entire shipping industry, nearly 12 million trucks, ocean vessels, planes, and trains are currently at work delivering freight, and this figure may grow in the coming years as the industry becomes ever more profitable. What are some common deliver methods for trucks or global aerospace logistics?
Not all cargo is the same. Some items of freight are more fragile, bulky, or even hazardous than others, and some accommodations have to be made for certain cargo types, not to mention the quantity. In fact, in many cases, a shipping company that hires a carrier will not even have enough cargo per delivery to fill up the vehicle’s entire cargo bay. But this is not a problem at all; LTL shipping, or “less than truckload,” is useful for this situation. A single truck may sometimes deliver just one shipper’s cargo, such as a major retailer like Wal-Mart or Target, but smaller shippers can opt for the LTL method. In this case, a truck will carry cargo for multiple shippers at once, and each shipping client will be charged only for the volume that their cargo is occupying, rather than the price of using the entire truck. This makes truck delivery money-efficient for shippers, and it means that a truck is not driving around with most of its cargo bay empty.
Fragile items on a truck or airplane, meanwhile, may need to be strapped down or pressed right up against other items to prevent falls, and cold items such as wine, dairy, or frozen foods call for a reefer truck, a truck that has a refrigerated compartment in the back.